Jonathan Daniels, 1939-1965
I began to know in my bones and sinews that I had been truly baptized into the Lord’s death and resurrection...with them, the black men and white men, with all life, in him whose Name is above all names that the races and nations shout...we are indelibly and unspeakably one.
- Jonathan Daniels
A seminarian from the Episcopal Theological School in Cambridge, Massachusetts and an ESCRU member, Jonathan Daniels worked closely with civil rights leaders during the Selma, Alabama demonstrations. Initially, Daniels had emphatically defended the position of Bishop Carpenter, the bishop of Alabama, who had announced that he would not welcome any civil rights workers in his state. Daniels backed the traditionalist position that placed greater emphasis on the bishop’s authority, and he opposed outsiders entering Alabama without the permission of the Bishop. He changed his mind when tensions and violence escalated, and he heard Martin Luther King Jr.’s call to clergy to join him in the march from Selma to Montgomery. In August of 1965, he returned to Selma on an assignment to assist in a voter-registration project in Lowndes County. Daniels explained his return to Selma saying, “something had happened to me in Selma, which meant I had to come back. I could not stand by in benevolent dispassion any longer without compromising everything I know and love and value. The imperative was too clear, the stakes too high, my own identity was called too nakedly into question...I had been blinded by what I saw here (and elsewhere), and the road to Damascus led, for me, back here.”
On August 14, Daniels participated in a demonstration in Fort Deposit and was arrested along with other protesters. They were transferred by garbage truck to the Hayneville jail. The conditions in the jail were bad, many men shared small cells, and the conditions only deteriorated as the group spent six days in the jail without air conditioning to combat the hot August weather and with sanitary facilities that could not keep up with the overcrowded conditions. The cells were not equipped with showers and the prisoners were not allowed to bathe elsewhere. Spirits were revitalized by singing and praying, and Daniels led the group in hymn singing and prayers, boosting morale and combating the bleakness of the situation.
After his release on August 20, Daniels, Richard Morrisroe (a Roman Catholic priest), and two African American civil rights workers approached a small grocery store to purchase a cold drink. At the entrance to the store, a man wielding a shotgun challenged them. He ordered them away and then began firing. Morrisroe was wounded, and Jonathan Daniels was killed.
His alleged killer, a former deputy sheriff, was charged with manslaughter. Claiming self-defense, Thomas Coleman insisted that Daniels and Morrisroe had threatened him with a knife and a gun. A trial ensued, and although the population of the community was largely African American, Coleman was tried and acquitted by an all-white jury. Jonathan Daniels was the twenty-sixth civil rights worker killed in the South.
The Episcopal Church added Jonathan Daniels to the Church Calendar in 1991. His life and ministry are remembered on August 14. Members of ESCRU felt that Daniel's alleged murderer, Tom Coleman, was acquitted wrongfully and that white juries would continue to fail to convict those that should be found guilty of race and hate crimes. In response to the acquittal, ESCRU launched Operation Southern Justice, a campaign and lawsuit undertaken in conjunction with the National Council of Churches and other groups to integrate southern juries.
The above text regarding Jonathan Daniels is featured in other areas of this exhibit along with additional photographs, articles, and a slideshow of his funeral. Click here to visit those exhibit pages. [Sources]